Author Topic: George Floyd: How far have African Americans come since the 1960s?  (Read 51 times)

lily9889

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George Floyd: How far have African Americans come since the 1960s?
« on: September 27, 2020, 10:31:54 AM »
George Floyd: How far have African Americans come since the 1960s?



In the weeks following the death of George Floyd, much has been said about the long struggle by African
Americans for equality in the US.

It is 57 years this August since civil rights leader Martin Luther King led the March on Washington to
demand racial justice.

So how much progress have black people in the US made since the 1960s? We've looked at six measures.

1. Family wealth
In 2016, the latest data available, the average wealth of a white family was almost seven times more than
a black family in the US.

The black-white wealth gap was larger in 2016 than it was in 1983, when black family wealth data was
first collected.

n the 1960s, the data collected had non-whites all grouped together, rather than in separate groups.

2. Poverty
Although the wealth disparity remains significant, African Americans have become more economically well
off since the 1960s.

According to the latest data, as of 2019 a smaller proportion live in poverty than ever before,

In 2019, the black poverty rate was 18.8% - about half of that in 1966.

The white poverty rate has remained relatively steady.

3. Completing college
This is another area in which progress has been made since the 1960s.

More African Americans had completed four years of higher education by 2019 than ever before - 26%
compared with just 4% in 1962.

College attainment by white Americans has also increased since the 1960s - but at about half the rate.

4. Jobs
The African-American unemployment rate reached a record low of 5.5% in September last year - but it
has spiked sharply because of the huge impact of the coronavirus crisis on the US economy.

Before this, the white unemployment rate had consistently been about half of the black unemployment
rate since records began, in the 1970s

5. Wages
There hasn't been much movement in the disparity between the wages of black and white Americans
either.

The average income of black households is just over 60% that of white households, with this disparity
barely changing over the past 50 years.

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